Acne is one of the most common diseases of the skin. The most common part of our body that usually forms acne are on the chest, back and especially in the face. Bacteria. Dead skin cells and oil clogging our skin pores is the common cause of acne formation.
The medical term for acne is the acne vulgaris. It affects millions and even billions of people around the world. Acne is one of the common skin problems a person has no matter what age or danger they are in. Although people of all ages has it, people undergoing puberty and adolescent stage suffers from it more. Almost all people experiences having an acne at least at a certain point in their lives. Even newborns sometimes have it.
Sebaceous glands are located beneath our skin’s surface. They are the ones responsible for the production of the oil sebum. The sebum acts as the natural moisturizer of the skin and protects it. Sebaceous follicles is the term used to describe the glands together with the hair follicles where they are found. The pores on the skin serves as the opening for these follicles.
When a person reaches the puberty age, they can have an increase in the level of hormones. This increase may lead to the sebaceous glands in producing sebum too much. When there is too much sebum combined with sticky and dead skin cells, a plug may form that would block the pores.
The mild and non-inflammatory acne has two types: Whiteheads or blackheads, and comedones. Whiteheads happens when the pore of the follicle hair affected is closed while blackheads results when the pore is open wide. As oil is oxidized, the oil changes to black and is called a blackhead. Plugged follicle that Propionibacterium has invaded causes acne that are moderate to severe. Pimple or acne can form when a damaged follicle becomes weak and then bursts open discharging the combination of the bacteria, white blood cells and sebum in the tissues surrounding it.
The inflamed pimple that is near the surface of the skin is called papules. When the pimple becomes deeper, it is then called pustules and when it is deeper than the pustules, it becomes a cyst. Acne of the most severe type consists of nodules, which are hard swellings and cysts. In case a new skin cells replaces the damaged cells, scarring occurs.
Although there are treatments available on the market, there are times when acne can be really persistent and hard to remove. While some of the bumps can heal slowly and go away, some just takes a lot of time to go away.
Acne is the most common skin disease in the teens but the number of younger children having acne increases as well. Having an acne also causes distress especially when the skin had scars after the removal of acne. It does not only cause physical damage but emotional damage as well and that is why it is important to take measures in order to prevent and remove it.
Pick the best acne spot treatment by reading this Choosing The Best Acne Spot Treatment Product